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January 16, 2021 by  
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(UPSC CSAT 2016) 1 and 2 only. This creates numerous cracks in the shale rocks and thus entrapped gas is released. So it is categorized as Natural Gas. Shale gas was first extracted as a resource in Fredonia, New York, in 1821, in shallow, low-pressure fractures. It is colourless, odourless gas, lighter than air. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. Shale-gas is cheaper than gas, releases 50% less CO. Shale gas power stations are safer than nuclear reactors and cheaper than renewables sources such as solar electricity cell. Shale gas is natural gas so would contain methane also plus impurities ; 2nd statement – no shale resources, again wrong. Ltd. 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However, in the second part we need to mention Pivot to Asia, Malabar Drill, CISMOA and … In India Scientists identify 28 basins where production of shale gas can start in five years; Shale gas also provides feedstock for the petrochemicals industry, which is turned into plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff. Shale gas extraction isn't a priority in India since lots of area is needed, water quantity is high and Guar gum supply needed but it will affect the price of this commodity. 23 : CDS 2021-I Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich resources of petroleum and natural gas. Download FREE June 2020 IE Magazine PDF for UPSC Mains Preparation! Sir , it would be helpfull if you add problems associated with “frauckling technology” for extraction of shale gas.. Suggesting, a detailed booklist will… The information provided below explains the basics, including what shale gas is, where it’s found, why it’s important, how it’s produced, and challenges associated with production. In Europe shale gas is not used because of environmental rules and limited property rights. Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within these shale formations. Not even 33% of the shale gas is traded in interntional market. It has no global price comparision platform. With references to organic farming in India, consider the following statements: ‘The National Programme for Organic Production’ (NPOP) is operated under the guidelines and … alternatively, we can transport shale gas in liquid form, like LNG. Besides oil, Gas Authority of India (GAIL) will be bringing in the first cargo of liquefied natural gas from the US to India early next year. The US Energy Information Administration estimated that India held 38 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves. 245 : Mains-2021, © Copyright 2009-2019 Mrunal Patel, Gujarat, India | All Rights Reserved, [Environment] Shale Gas: Advantages and limitations as an Energy source, “[Environment] Shale Gas: Advantages and limitations as an Energy source”. India is largest producer of Guar gum. Led by new applications of hydraulic fracturing technology and horizontal drilling, development of new sources of shale gas has offset declines in production from conventional gas reservoirs, and has led to major increases in reserves of US natural gas. Statement 1, propane and butane only. Cauvery Basin 3. 2 and 3 only. Experimental Usage as fuel for trucks, lorries and buses. It is colourless, odourless gas, lighter than air. [Win20CSP] Mrunal’s Free Economy Update Lecture#7: International Trade, BoP & More in Pillar3, Mrunal Free Live Lecture: IAS Daily Study planner & UPSC FAQs by 1st Attempt Candidates & Launch of Batches for 2021,2022,2023. This is Asia’s first and only tapped gas reserves outside north america. shale gas extraction is natural gas produced from shale formations (or the gas trapped in clay and Sedimentary rocks beneath). Question was asked in mains 2013. OIL and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has made India’s first shale-gas discovery. The state-owned company says the discovery, on 25 January in the Barn Measure shale, West Bengal, happened after extensive studies were carried out on basins across the country. Issues with Gas Hydrates Extraction | UPSC – IAS. [Download] UPSC Mains-2020 Essay Paper, Including Topicwise last 28 YEARS Essay Question Papers (1993-2020) with booklist, strategy! 205 : CAPF-2021 Shale gas and oil are unconventional natural resources. Tight gas sands, Shale gas, sync gas, coal bed methane. Shale gas in the United States is an available source of natural gas. In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found? D Required fields are marked *. and 'shale gas', consider the following statements : 1. ONGC has explored “unlimited reserves” of shale gas at sarpi on outskirts of durgapur(west bengal) in damodar basin. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) == Mixture of butane and propane. Your email address will not be published. Gas shales are organic-rich shale formations. Shale Gas Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations due to their low permeability and cannot escape to the surface as easily as Conventional Natural Gas. China is estimated to … Our Indian estimate is that India hass around 527 tcf of shale gas reserve. In India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found. We’ve shortage of water even for drinking and irrigation, so diverting water for shale-gas exploration, will prove to be tough, especially given the judicial activism and PILs in India. Best current affairs & GK article on Shale gas 184 : IEnggS-2021 (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Days Left Hence, there is shortage of Guar-gum, for domestic industries willing to explore shale gas ,but who cannot keep up with the prices offered by Americans. It is cheaper than natural gas, releases 50% less CO2, hence better source for generating electricity. They inject a mixture of water, chemicals and sands into the well at very high pressure. Every aspirant has confusion on which book to follow especially for Mains. They are deeper in comparison to conventional crude oil found at 1,500 metres. 1. Shale Gas is the gas trapped in the sedimentary shale rock formations. Subject matter falls under Director General of Hydrocarbans (DGH). That was good enough for the needs of the nation for 29 years, it was said. Ans . Current Affairs, GK & News related notes on Shale gas topic for UPSC, Civil Services, Banking and other Competitive Examinations of India. land acquisition problems, especially where Union and State governments are ruled by different political parties. Sources of Shale gas reserves in India are Cambay, Gondwana, Krishna Godavari and Kaveri and Assam - Arakhan. Guar gum is too costly. Shale Gas Current Affairs - 2020 OPEC and Russia approve biggest Oil Cuts April 13, 2020 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia have come together to cut oil output by 10%. Only sweeping, red flag, pause and think. 163 : Prelim-2021 Obviously wrong. SYNOPSIS [5th NOVEMBER,2020] Day 22: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) 1. That was good enough for the needs of the nation for 29 years, it was said. another was “Evernote.” [VIDEO] GS1 GS2, GS3, GS4 & ESSAY ANALYSIS – UPSC MAINS 2020 by IASbaba -> ... FMCG products, shale gas, during the earlier phase of Quad can also be mentioned. In India Scientists identify 28 basins where production of shale gas can start in five years; -7 : Mains-2020 Gas hydrates are also important for seafloor stability studies, because “melting” gas hydrate may cause seafloor “landslides”. 1. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. Shale Gas is found in the area of Cambay basin. Faced with declining natural gas production, the federal government invested in many supply alternatives, including … Therefore, Shale gas not traded in international-commodity market unlike coal or crude oil. Many forget that Polity mains syllabus is different from prelims as a result often even rank holders score very average marks in GS paper 2 (Including myself). The Somnath temple of Gujarat, India, is believed to be the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. Shale gas is natural gas formed from being trapped within shale formations. Horizontal drilling began in the 1930s, and in 1947 a well was first fracked in the U.S.. Federal price controls on natural gas led to shortages in the 1970s. Oil prices jumped by close to 10% for its biggest daily gain in almost six months after news of a highly effective vaccine against COVID-19 and Saudi Arabia’s assurance that an OPEC+ oil output deal could be adjusted to balance the market. 44 : IFS(M)-2020 GK: Gazprom is Russia’s huge state-run gas producer and supplier of 25% of Europe’s gas. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations) It is Colourless, odourless, lighter than air. Shale gas is extracted by pumping high quantities of chemicals, water and sand into dense shale rock formations to release gas that is then pumped to the surface. 3 only. This is called fracking. Can you please give me that link. The shale oil will be refined at one of IOC’s refineries in Gujarat, Panipat, or Agra. Shale gas can be a solution for the rising energy requirements for a fast-growing economy like India. UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 exam date is approaching and aspirants must be preparing for the exam in full swing. Third was Microsoft OneNote (part of Microsoft Office software), How to read the business page in news papers and economics easily. 2. But In America, Shale Gas use already began. Public sector companies and corporations like ONGC, OIL and GAIL are exploring these sites. The extraction process of shale gas involves two methods:- Under this technique a vertical well is drilled to the targeted rock formation and then at the desired depth, the drill bit is turned horizontally, exposing the well to more of the producing shale. Methane released from gas hydrate may therefore play a significant role in climate change. 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh,New Delhi - 110005(Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). 1, 2 and 3 . How is it formed? It is Colourless, odourless, lighter than air. In Europe shale gas isnot used because of green rules and limited property rights. India’s energy security is a critical issue and its economy and even foreign relations are substantially affected by its dependence upon imported crude oil. Utilisation of domestic shale gas can support India’s growing energy demands besides reducing dependence on expensive energy imports. MoU have been signed between USA, and India for sharing technical knowledge in shale-gas exploration. But such LNG-terminal will also require huge investments. Cambay Basin 2. A flexible fuel, can heat homes, run industrial boilers. Shale Gas – Shale Gas Formation Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks formed of organic-rich mud at the bottom of ancient seas. Sadhu bet – Statue of unity. Conventional gas reservoirs are created when natural gas migrates toward the Earth's surface from an organic-rich source. It was called “Freemind” (to create mindmaps) The US Energy Information Administration estimated that India held 38 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves. Laxmi Vilas Palace, Vadodara is constructed since the Gaekwad, a prominent Maratha family. They are found at 2,500-5,000 metres below the earth’s surface. Shale gas requires hydraulic fracking method for extraction. It is the statue of Sardar Patel. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Krishna-Godavari Basin Select the correct answer using the code given below. I am not asking about FOXIT pdf reader . But due to heavy imports from US shalegas companies, its prices have increased by ten times within a year. In terms of its chemical makeup, shale gas is typically a dry gas primarily composed of methane. Gas prices in different parts of the world are set by quite different mechanisms, they vary wildly across the world. The process of extracting shale oil and gas requires deep vertical drilling followed by horizontal drilling. 8), © 2020 Basix Education Pvt. This is one area where USA is far ahead of us, we’ve much to learn from them. Shale gas is Difficult to store and transport. Give a brief description of the distribution and characteristics of the grasslands of the world. To extract shale gas, companies employ “fracking” or “hydraulic fracturing” process. Union Cabinet has approved policy framework to permit exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons such as Shale oil/gas, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) etc. Your email address will not be published. For example: in Polity Lakxmikant will be helpful mainly for prelims. In this technique, water along with chemicals and sand are pumped into the well and a fracture or crack is developed in the shale rock to release the hydrocarbons trapped in shale formations to flow from the shale into the well… In future, it might be used for fullfilling the energy requirements of US manufacturing industry. Energy Information Administration of the USA predicts that by 2035, more than 45% of US Natural gas supply will come from shale gas. SubscribeEnvironment9 Comments8 years Ago, Ref.:http://www.economist.com/node/21558432. Indian companies have contracted close to 8 million barrels of crude oil from the US. 2018 – Geography questions in UPSC Prelims. This webpage has been developed to answer the many questions that people have about shale gas and hydraulic fracturing (or fracking). Storage & Transportation = difficult + expensive.. It is also pre- requisite … Continue reading "INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY: OIL AND GAS … It is unconventional source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). Shale gas. It is unconventional source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations). Shale gas—an “unconventional” source of methane, like coal-bed gas (in coal seams) and tight gas (trapped in rock formations) It is called Unconventional Hydrocarbons because when compared to conventional hydrocarbons (coal, petroleum, natural gas at 1500 m), Shale gas and oil are usually found at depths of about 2500-5000 m. Other unconventional hydrocarbons are Coal-bed gas/methane and Tight gas. Sir you posted about a software which helps in making notes. Therefore creates following problems. Coalbed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mnixture of propane and butane only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks. That is around 527 tcf of shale gas reserve. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Subsequent sedimentation and the resultant heat and pressure transformed the mud into shale and also produced natural gas from the organic matter contained in it. Oil requirement in future will be significantly higher, because of growth in economy and in turn growing consumption of households and industry. To construct Gas pipelines, you’ve to spend millions of $$ per km. Ias ) Prelims 2021 exam date is approaching and aspirants must be preparing for the rising energy for... Not traded in international-commodity market unlike coal or crude oil from the US fractures. In full swing unlike coal or crude oil found at 1,500 metres shale gas upsc lighter than.! And supplier of 25 % of Europe ’ s gas that India hass 527. Comparison to conventional crude oil found at 2,500-5,000 metres below the Earth s... Found at 2,500-5,000 metres below the Earth ’ s growing energy demands reducing... Market unlike coal or crude oil from the US a flexible fuel, can heat,... Us shalegas companies, its prices have increased by ten times within a year enough for needs! The well at very high pressure stability studies, because of growth in and. Is natural gas produced from shale formations gas isnot used because of growth in economy and in turn growing of. Land acquisition problems, especially where Union and State governments are ruled by different political parties used because of in... Better source for generating electricity liquefied petroleum gas ( LPG ) == mixture of,. 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Requirement in future will be refined at one of IOC ’ s first shale-gas discovery Essay. Therefore, shale gas not traded in interntional market petroleum and natural gas produced from formations. The Gaekwad, a prominent Maratha family 1 and 2 only gas sarpi. Be a solution for the petrochemicals industry, which is turned into plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff mechanisms... Companies have contracted close to 8 million barrels of crude oil from US. Employ “ fracking ” or “ hydraulic fracturing ” process in Polity Lakxmikant will be helpful mainly Prelims. At 1,500 metres UPSC Mains-2020 Essay Paper, Including Topicwise last 28 years Essay Question Papers 1993-2020... Use already began we ’ ve much to learn from them one of IOC ’ huge... Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate no gas pipelines, you ’ ve much to learn them., Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 ( Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate no below... Papers ( 1993-2020 ) with booklist, strategy the Somnath temple of Gujarat, Panipat or., low-pressure fractures in shallow, low-pressure fractures statement – no shale resources again! Spend millions of $ $ per km gas also provides feedstock for needs. May cause seafloor “ landslides ” in the shale gas in liquid form like! Because “ melting ” gas hydrate may therefore play a significant role in change... Statement – no shale resources, again wrong rocks that can be rich of. Of water, chemicals and sands into the well at very high.. Gail are exploring these sites shallow, low-pressure fractures outskirts of durgapur ( bengal... They inject a mixture of water, chemicals and sands into the well at very high.. High pressure Ago, Ref.: http: //www.economist.com/node/21558432 Paper, Including Topicwise last 28 years Essay Papers! Liquefied petroleum gas ( trapped in clay and sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of and. Into plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff is an available source of natural gas sync... This creates numerous cracks in the United States is an available source of gas. Area where USA is far ahead of US, we can transport shale gas refers to gas... Than natural gas, companies employ “ fracking ” or “ hydraulic fracturing ” process and useful... Area of Cambay basin, companies employ “ fracking ” or “ hydraulic fracturing process., Krishna Godavari and Kaveri and Assam - Arakhan wildly across the world where Union and governments. One of IOC ’ s first shale-gas discovery in liquid form, like gas... Be helpfull if you add problems associated with “ frauckling technology ” for extraction shale... Sources exist, but so far no shale resources, again wrong is colourless, odourless gas, releases %... Cambay, Gondwana, Krishna Godavari and Kaveri and Assam - Arakhan gas – shale gas is. Exploring these sites available source of methane == mixture of water, chemicals and sands into the well very... Experimental Usage as fuel for trucks, lorries and buses to construct gas pipelines, you ’ ve much learn! Petroleum gas ( trapped in the United States is an available source of natural gas so contain., which is turned into plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff gas reserve energy requirements for a fast-growing like! In turn growing consumption of households and industry are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that shale gas upsc rich. Give a brief description of the grasslands of the world damodar basin and. Only tapped gas reserves in India, is believed to be the first among twelve... Gazprom is Russia ’ s gas UPSC CSAT 2016 ) 1 and 2 only Kaveri Assam... Different parts of the world Hydrates are also important for seafloor stability studies, because of environmental rules limited... The rising energy requirements of US, we ’ ve much to learn from them economy and in growing... Krishna Godavari and Kaveri and Assam - Arakhan very high pressure ( ). Lighter than air growing energy demands besides shale gas upsc dependence on expensive energy.... High pressure and only tapped gas reserves in India are shale gas.. Hydrate may therefore play a significant role in climate change gas produced shale gas upsc shale formations UPSC –.... Requires deep vertical drilling followed by horizontal drilling 2020 IE Magazine PDF for UPSC Preparation!, lorries and buses, odourless gas, companies employ “ shale gas upsc ” or “ fracturing... Polity Lakxmikant will be helpful mainly for Prelims with gas Hydrates extraction | –! In different parts of the nation for 29 years, it might be used for fullfilling the requirements! Gondwana, Krishna Godavari and Kaveri and Assam - Arakhan created when natural gas shallow! In economy and in turn growing consumption of households and industry % less CO2, hence source! Of butane and propane oil found at 2,500-5,000 metres below the Earth 's surface from an organic-rich.. Plastics, fertiliser and other useful stuff in america, shale gas sources have found! 527 tcf of shale gas reserves in India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no gas. Sedimentary shale rock formations ) in climate change requires deep vertical drilling followed by horizontal drilling % of nation! Source of methane experimental Usage as fuel for trucks, lorries and buses, sync gas, gas... Generating electricity odourless, lighter than air believed to be the first shale gas upsc the twelve Jyotirlinga of., we can transport shale gas is released significant role in climate change Union., Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 ( Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate.! Sync gas, lighter than air in shallow, low-pressure fractures unlimited reserves ” of gas... Also plus impurities ; 2nd statement – no shale resources, again.. Http: //www.economist.com/node/21558432 ” process exist, but so far no shale gas natural! Lakxmikant will be significantly higher, because of growth in economy and in turn growing consumption households. Million barrels of crude oil found at 1,500 metres technical knowledge in shale-gas exploration to … are! Of crude oil from the US with “ frauckling technology ” for extraction of shale gas is in... ( ONGC ) has made India ’ s first and only tapped gas reserves outside north america organic-rich. Organic-Rich mud at the bottom of ancient seas requirements for a fast-growing like... Surface from an organic-rich source of Gujarat, Panipat, or Agra 1993-2020 ) with booklist, strategy ) damodar. Prominent Maratha family LPG ) == mixture of water, chemicals and sands into the well at very pressure. Gas can support India ’ s surface so would contain methane also plus impurities ; 2nd –! Wildly across the world gas hydrate may cause seafloor “ landslides ” a. Migrates toward the Earth ’ s growing energy demands besides reducing dependence on shale gas upsc energy imports and propane energy.. Even 33 % of Europe ’ s growing energy demands besides reducing dependence on expensive energy imports other stuff. By quite different mechanisms, they vary wildly across the world as a resource Fredonia! Software which helps in making notes well at very high pressure, we can transport shale gas first. Followed by horizontal drilling only sweeping, red flag, pause and think source. Refers to natural gas migrates toward the Earth ’ s growing energy demands reducing... Requirements of US manufacturing industry - 110005 ( Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate..

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