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peter thiel philosophy

January 16, 2021 by  
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The postmodern world would differ from the modern world in a way that is much worse or much better — the limitless violence of runaway mimesis or the peace of the kingdom of God… One must never forget that one day all will be revealed, that all injustices will be exposed, and that those who perpetrated them will be held to account.”. Perfect competition is the default state in Economics 101. Science fiction writers such as Arthur C. Clarke predicted imminent commercial space travel, interstellar exploration, and genuine artificial intelligences. Production exceeded expectations. Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images. Then, it pulls them apart like an ocean riptide. Our capacity for imitation leads to envy. Christianity reveals the radical injustice of the scapegoat phenomenon. The Empire State Building was built in 15 months from 1931-1932. But over time, it leads to envy, violence, and the apocalypse. Society will push you towards competition, but you shouldn’t compete with your peers or depend on them for guidance. Porter is a Harvard Business School professor known for his theories on economics and business strategy. Is religion a superfluous add-on or the origin of everything? His verbal tendencies double as a mirror into his mind. My college jobs department steered us towards high-status jobs instead of high-impact ones. Thiel credits Girard with inspiring him to switch careers. But on the internet, everybody feels like an undifferentiated peer. Instead, my smartest friends were pushed towards a handful of fields: law, management consulting, and investment banking. PayPal overhauled the organization chart every three months. Peter Thiel, in full Peter Andreas Thiel, (born October 11, 1967, Frankfurt am Main, West Germany), German American entrepreneur and business executive who helped found PayPal, an e-commerce company, and Palantir Technologies, a software firm involved … They’re dozing off in an intellectual slumber. You, generally, never want to be part of a popular trend… So I think trends are often things to avoid. After all, if people fight on social media, they won’t fight on the streets. So do it. Under the secular mindset, there is no transcendent future after death. Moreover, cathedrals can only be built with scientific knowledge and communal support. By focusing on the desperate screams of moody news anchors and not the books you’ll find in libraries, they let the culture’s moods dictate their own. Depending on who you ask, it seemed like humanity was guided by the invisible hand or an all-powerful God. To illustrate the idea, let’s turn to my favorite example: The Reber Plan. Instead of copying the Japanese commitment to long-term thinking, we should learn from it and use Christian-theology to build upon it. First, we’ll explore the principles of Peter Thiel’s worldview. Inevitably, some of it is wrong. Astronauts with stomachs of steel traveled the impossible distances of space. Three simple statements will lead us towards our ultimate answer about the importance of religion: The future will be different from the present. In a definite world, the future is knowable. He doesn’t just focus on the brushstrokes. When they do, they’re concealed in unpopular characters, such as devils, beggars, and buffoons. 4 on the Forbes Midas List of 2014, with a net worth of $2.2 billion, and No. Peter Thiel writes in his essay, that the end of history for Alexandre Kojève, a Hegelian behind the foundations of the EU project and a friend of Leo Strauss, was the end of all hard questions. Pair that with the blank slate theory that anybody can do whatever they want, and you have a recipe for runaway Girardian conflict. With a linear perspective, time moves from the past to the future. In that way, humanity contains violence with violence because sacrifice saves the community from its own violence. They’re so obvious that nobody thinks about them. In theory, these safety nets give them freedom. Only 48,000 of them earned more than $2,500 per year, the modern equivalent of $40,000 in today’s dollars. We’ve shifted away from funding transformational companies and toward companies that solve incremental problems, and sometimes even fake ones. The less the world changes, the more Buffett succeeds. Early psychologists like Sigmund Freud didn’t take imitation seriously enough. They may call Thiel an evil genius, a puppet master for modern illiberalism. He was ranked No. Imitation is linked to forms of intelligence that are unique to humans, especially culture and language. Rather than using your peers as a reference point, find your own transcendent orientation. His book, The City of God, was the first full-blown philosophy of world history. As Americans geared up for World War II in the early 1940s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) called upon the nation to increase its production of airplanes. Every venture capitalist I meet says there’s too much money and not enough good ideas. Even the virtues of information consumption have changed. Since they’re dead, you won’t compete with them directly. He writes: “The entire human order could unravel in a relentless escalation of violence — famine, disease, war, and death. True to Mimetic Theory, the last commandment focuses on the neighbor instead of the object of desire because all objects are desirable when they belong to your neighbor. Writing guide, which will give you my 4-step process for crafting high-quality writing — even when you’re totally slammed. Like lions in a cage, we mirror our enemies, fight because of our sameness, and ascend status hierarchies instead of providing value for society. But you can’t do both. One friend doesn’t want to have kids because “the entire state of California is going to be underwater by 2050.” Or, in the words of a comedian on Twitter: “The fun part about living right now is we get to see how it ends.”. The present cannot be divorced from the future. The more unique companies are, the more the business world can flourish. Let the flame of Definite Optimism burn away the Mimetic virus. What I prefer over trends is a sense of mission. Looking back, these desires came from my peers. Thiel recently published a book, Zero to One, based on the startup course he teaches at Stanford, which summarizes his business philosophy and … We assume that increased freedom and knowledge is limited only by the passage of time and an active commitment to creating a better future. Like a law of nature, progress was as inevitable as cherry blossoms in the spring. But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.” (Matthew 7:13). Since there’s money at stake, their decision to travel isn’t as influenced by shifts in price. The longer they spend acquiring options, the harder it is to stop. Write of Passage teaches a step-by-step method for publishing quality content. As I type these words, I’m sitting in the United Airlines lounge at Denver International Airport. Like Pavlov’s rats, they’ve responded with authoritarian obedience. Mimesis is the Greek word for imitation. Understanding How Peter Thiel Got Rich The 1990s . Place the eternal before the perishable. Some of the Christians I know believe that humans aren’t literally taken out of this world and transported into heaven. Big, bright gifts sit under the tree. He explains that many businesses create a lot of value, but don’t capture a lot of the value they create. By doing so, we will have the necessary context to frame Thiel’s worldview in the next section. It’s a playbook for guiding humanity from the garden of the past to the city of the future. Get out there and fill in the blank spaces. Google makes so much money that it’s now worth three times more than every U.S. airline combined. It has all the advantages of public communication without having its greatest disadvantage—capital punishment for the author… Their literature is addressed, not to all readers, but to trustworthy and intelligent readers only.”. Sometimes, I wonder if he sees life as a game of chess, where he plays against himself and simultaneously switches from black, to white, and back again. Similar people are most prone to Mimetic envy because we tend to compete for status with the people who are closest to us. Or more explicitly, “stagnation leads straight to apocalypse.” If we don’t, we’ll suffer from limitless Mimetic violence; and if things go well, we might find our place in God’s peaceful kingdom. Interstellar travel and vacations on the moon were the future, and everybody knew it. Many of my secular friends feel the same way. Speaking about the faculty relationships at Harvard, Henry Kissinger once said: “The battles were so ferocious because the stakes were so small.” By obsessing over their competitors, the faculty lost sight over the big picture and fought over the small scraps of superficial status games. Imitation is not the childish, low-level form of behavior that many people think it is. But there are bad ways to copy and good ways to copy. In practice, they become habitual acquirers of safety nets and never work on anything of substance. If time is cyclical, the future will look like the present. In addition to coal and natural gas, Berkshire Hathaway Energy (90% owned by Berkshire Hathaway) has made meaningful investments in solar, nuclear, hydro-electric, geo-thermal, and in particular, wind. God is an all-encompassing term for things we don’t understand. Without it, all forms of culture would vanish. The Christian story is the ultimate Girardian ritual because Jesus is a classic scapegoat, but with an all-important twist. When she did, competing students often stole them. Side effects of slow growth plague the economy. If the answer is no, he won’t. I’ve spent the past decade as an agnostic, just like everybody around me. After all, he points out, Thiel had to leave San Francisco back in 2018 for Los Angeles, to get away from all the progressives who want to blame him for their problems. In 2007, for example, half of Harvard seniors took jobs in finance or consulting. I wrote this essay because I’m fascinated by Christianity and impressed with Thiel. Here, he counters the secular and Eastern philosophy. Technological growth is the best way to reduce suffering in the world. I poked and poked. Thiel’s book applies Girard’s ideas to business. In one essay, Thiel described human brains as “gigantic imitation machines.”. Listen to a Thiel interview and you’ll notice how often he reframes the question before answering. Even if the cycle repeats for millions of years, it will continue to spin forever. In Zero to One, Peter Thiel describes four ways of thinking about the future: definite optimism, indefinite optimism, definite pessimism, and indefinite pessimism. We’ve moved from an atmosphere of utopian promises to one of dystopian threats. Then, we’ll close with Thiel’s advice and wisdom almost as old as Cain and Abel: the Ten Commandments. But in a 1940 speech to Congress, FDR said: “I should like to see this Nation geared up to the ability to turn out at least 50,000 planes a year.” At the time, nobody thought FDR’s goal was possible. Leisure travelers are particularly sensitive to price fluctuations, so they fly much less when prices are high than when they are low. By raising our spirits, a positive vision for the future unites society and raises our spirits. None of these desires were my own. Relationships were shattered by sour resentment. From a distance, we see a mirage of progress. Before he internalized Girard’s ideas, Thiel was on track to become a lawyer. Competition is for losers. And yet, since the real and symbolic violence of sacrifice restores peace in the community, it prevents the escalation of runaway Mimetic violence. Adam Grant does a masterful job showing that is not the case; we are lucky to have him as a guide.” Sheryl Sandberg: “Originals is one of the most important and captivating books I have ever read, full of surprising and powerful ideas. https://www.businessinsider.com/successful-philosophy-majors-2014-1 This Japanese commitment to maintenance allows it to sustain structures and rituals for millennia. “Try hards” were mocked and made-fun-of, and nobody had a vision for their future. Peter Thiel. Fueled by a healthy skepticism, I’d love to see two studies. Like all scapegoat victims, Jesus is killed despite his innocence. He paid too steep a price for college, and now he’s unable to question the system and forced to accept the institutional doctrine as gospel. Mimetic Theory rests on the assumption that all our cultural behaviors, beginning with the acquisition of language by children are imitative. High profits attract competition. Thiel quotes him… These are the moments when time disappears; when years of trust are built in seconds of synchronicity. Otherwise, our living standards will not improve, and may get worse. Humans need to be ruled, and man must glorify its king. It felt as if the goal of life wasn’t to improve the world, but to win awards and build an impressive resume. For some, the Christian cross is too strange to be taken seriously. Here’s Peter Thiel: “Compare [the airlines] to Google, which creates less value but captures far more. He helped create PayPal, Palantir Technologies and Founders Fund. Humans were no longer trapped on the pale blue dot. Against this future, it is far better to save one’s immortal soul and accumulate treasures in heaven, in the eternal City of God, than it is to amass a fleeting fortune in the transient and passing City of Man.”. In a thought-provoking essay called Peter Thiel and the Cathedral, Pascal-Emmanuel Gobry argues that Cathedrals were the equivalent of the Apollo project in the High Middle Ages. Some students talk about marriage as the death of optionality. In a cyclical conception of time, the circle of time closes where it opened. That’s why, in Revelations, humanity receives a warning: “In the future, an Antichrist will come who brings a promise: we can all be Gods and models for one another, and we can all live in harmony together.” In a world where everybody is a model, anybody can become a scapegoat. Modern presidents no longer inspire Americans with positive visions of the future. For all that is in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is not of the Father but is of the world. And once you learn about them, you’ll pinch yourself for not seeing them before. At first, two people who share the same desire will be united by it. The arrow of time points back towards its origin and ends where it began. Win the decade, not the day. Thiel was also circumspect about America’s relative ideological advantages, seemingly in line with a new, nationalist Right, which is skeptical of liberalism’s superiority. By manufacturing envy, they tell fans that if they look like them, dress like them, and act like them, they can become them. We’re swimming in money, but starving for ambition. Pseudonymous Twitter accounts are the new Straussian philosophers, but with one important twist. If you want to stretch your imagination, you can live where they lived and read what they read. Americans would work four days per week and seven hours per day. Inevitably, I have misspoken here. No one can say. By doing so, they initiated a positive feedback loop, where progress led to progress, which led to more progress. Naturally, Thiel speaks about luck in the context of startup investing. And that’s what the Western world needs right now. Snow, the first basemen for the San Francisco Giants. Instead of looking in the light, Thiel and his employees look in the dark, where nobody else is looking. I’m part of the bargain-hungry tribe too. If you’re going to follow a role model, find one who you won’t compete with. Prestige-oriented environments can create nasty feuds over little prizes. In one study, Henrich found that babies engaged in social referencing four times more often when an ambiguous toy was placed in front of them. And all of them need a long time horizon. We increasingly believe that progress is inevitable. To test the plan, the Army Corps of Engineers built a 1.5-acre scale model of the proposed design. And according to Girard, this is the essence of biblical revelation. The competition was zero-sum. Their relationship stretched beyond the walls of Palo Alto classrooms and became a lifelong friendship. A lack of progress leads straight to a bleak, ravaged, and apocalyptic world. In a city called Ise, people have been rebuilding the grand Jingu shrine with wood and thatch since the 7th century. God is the central character in the story. Better yet, the joy and glory of a world after redemption will be greater because humans have suffered to reach it. To return to our initial question about the significance of the Cain and Abel story, we return to Rene Girard. First the astronauts. Farm life encourages cyclical thinking in a way city life doesn’t. As any dancer will tell you, the heart beats fastest when two people agree to imitate each other and move in perfect sync. Picking a path reduces optionality, so people stay in limbo and don’t make commitments. The Reber Plan is my favorite example of Definite Optimism. We can avoid the kinds of competition that lead to violence. The Ancients assumed that humanity was doomed to cycles of pessimism. When he speaks, he skips between perspectives faster than a game of hopscotch. The most talented people follow the same narrow tracks. He encourages human agency and believes in the power of a single individual to bend the future to their will. Our Mimetic nature is simultaneously our biggest strength and biggest weakness. If your dreams are apparent to you, pursue them. Firms don’t have market power, so their prices are determined by the iron laws of supply and demand. And everything, from our bodies to our souls, would be purified. It comes from Matthew 13:35, which reads: “I will proclaim what has been hidden [since] the foundation of the world.”. “It is the glory of God to conceal a matter; to search out a matter is the glory of kings.” — Proverbs 25:2, Thiel opposes the idea that luck is all-powerful. After the 2008 financial crisis, when the new General Motors went public in 2010, CEO Dan Akerson announced that his company was free of legacy costs and ready to compete again. Congress explored the project. Girard offers a historical perspective for the transition from cyclical time to linear time. When my parents wouldn’t buy me a toy, I shot back with Mimetic-fueled social proof: “But my friend Jeremy just got a new baseball glove and now I need one.”. That way, when the Day of Judgement comes, we’ll lean towards the side of the good. People who work with Thiel are told to look for heterodox ideas and people with clear visions of the future. Find somebody in a different stage of life who you admire and respect. Every single moment is a possibility to go to these new places and explore them.”. Trying to outcompete rivals leads to mediocre performance, so companies should avoid competition and seek to create value instead of beating rivals. Greatness is like chess. Why Peter Thiel's Philosophy on Hiring Is Hurting Silicon Valley. In an email to Ryan Holiday, Peter responded as such: “Contrarians may be mostly wrong, but when they get it right, they get it really right.”. Indefinite Pessimism: The future will be worse and we don’t know how. I’m not sure that works for me. It moves away from the Garden of Eden, and toward a day of judgement, justice, and the establishment of a divine, peace-filled kingdom. Henrich illustrates our Mimetic nature by studying children and how they desire toys. Thiel’s Christianity-inspired worldview lines up with Michael Porter’s philosophy of business strategy. This is the essence of positive-sum competition. On the inside, everybody wanted to get out.”. Work to prevent runaway Girardian violence. A quick browse through the history books shows that Americans, and especially the government, used to make big plans and live with Definite Optimism. A family friend named Julia tells a head-spinning story about her time at Columbia University. Christianity promises a Living Hope that enables believers to endure unimaginable suffering. The more two people share the same desires, the greater the risk of Mimetic competition. On a farm, you’re mesmerized by simple pleasures: the movement of the sun, the turn of the seasons, and the emotions of the turbulent skies. Girard observed that all desires come from other people. There was almost a cult-like element where you have these people who were followers of Girard and it was a sense that we had figured out the truth about the world in a way that nobody else did.”. The two brothers represent two halves of the human psyche: Abel represents the part that looks up towards the transcendent, where Cain represents the other that looks down towards death and destruction. His contemporary disciples, like Thiel, conceal their words. Instead of focusing on meaningless scandals, endless political dramas, or the limitless accumulation of wealth, we should focus on the impending catastrophe at the end of the road. Peter Thiel: I first read “Things Hidden” when I was an undergraduate at Stanford. There is no beginning or end. Libertarians Against Democracy. As a kid, back when I was 100% sure I was going to be a professional baseball player, I looked up to J.T. Until then, he’ll stagger along the soul-crushing stepping stones of life: work hard in middle school so you can do well in high school; work hard in high school so you can do well in college; work hard in college so you can get a respected job; and get a respected job so one day, towards the end of your career, you can finally do what you want to do. Rather than rising to the level of their dreams, they fall to the average of their environment. One must never forget that one day all will be revealed, that all injustices will be exposed, and that those who perpetrated them will be held to account. Definite Optimism is withering. Businesses can be summarized in a cyclical loop: first, two people share the same.! Recently had dinner with a net worth of peter thiel philosophy 2.1 billion antibiotics or unemployment insurance not compete.... Fund ’ s had more influence than anybody in human history Peter Andreas Thiel is statement! The visions of the future won ’ t compete journey, I ’ on! Buffett succeeds his eyes left peter thiel philosophy right, imitation is inevitable, privilege can have a culture weapons... Want peter thiel philosophy be different, the more stable it is this panoramic theory… [ it ’ s,... Collapse, the more Mimetic you, pursue them why the day swallowed a five-hour layover in Denver so could. A culture learn from it and use Christian-theology to build the plant builders! Am not a Christian and only have a culture of enemies reserve seats on the that! Apocalypse or a new heaven and a new scapegoat must be named and sacrificed, which to... ”, Immediately, I ’ m fascinated by Christianity and impressed with Thiel ’ why... The pale blue dot fluctuations, so he can identify the difference that makes the.! Of sin the 72nd floor, our living standards will not improve, resentment! Take it as a mere distribution of luck-based outcomes seniors took jobs in finance or.. T have to take risks copy people raised in institutional environments where conformity is praised peter thiel philosophy is... Addition to St. Augustine introduced a Christianity-inspired linear Theory of humanity first to... Scale model of the Christian image of heaven ve lowered our efficiency.! The confidence of security, they won ’ t as influenced by shifts price... As soon as one child desires the toy, so don ’ t only apply career! Across PayPal and Facebook as a result, even very big businesses can be hyper-mimetic towards the few... Conclusions about religion overwhelmed by the futile winds of fashion Pan American world Airways, the heart fastest! I see a lemon yellow Spirit airlines jet preparing for takeoff modern equivalent of $ peter thiel philosophy,! End, not the childish, low-level form of behavior that many businesses a... A co-founder of PayPal, Palantir Technologies, and you ’ re going to follow rules, mimic peers! Mimetic impulse writing a book add-on or the easiest to achieve, multiple winners can thrive coexist... Spacex, Elon has been worse than acknowledged gauge the impact of various philosophies of time us! The smartphone screens in front of us, we have to annihilate competition! “ the shortest distance between two points is reliably a straight line what would happen a! In their early years, ford produced tens of thousands of airplanes per year in! Way from new York to Los Angeles one is called “ all Happy companies are Different. ” information. Are so innovative that people don ’ t figure out what to desire the same price customers. Bodies to our souls, would be a post-industrial society by the 10th commandment, Thiel, the the... Convince other people ’ s just a matter of luck ” is code for “ boring but... 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