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diego garcia chagos archipelago

January 16, 2021 by  
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[21] Several Frenchmen living in "a dozen huts" abandoned Diego Garcia when the British East India Company attempted to establish a settlement there in April 1786. Terrestrial reptiles and freshwater amphibians, United States Air Force units based on Diego Garcia, Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station Far East Detachment Diego Garcia, Naval Security Group Detachment Diego Garcia. A. Bullock (1971): "List of Diego Garcia vascular plants". [3] In April 1967, the BIOT Administration bought out Chagos-Agalega for £600,000, thus becoming the sole property owner in the BIOT. [22] Following the departure of the British, the French colony of Mauritius began marooning lepers on Diego Garcia,[22] and in 1793, the French established a coconut plantation using slave labour, which also exported cordage made from coconut fibre, and sea cucumbers, known as a delicacy in the Orient.[23]. VQ9RA Diego Garcia Chagos Archipelago. Lau, "Fresh Water Supply System Developed on Diego Garcia", The Naval Civil Engineer, Winter 1985. Ladwig III, Walter C., Andrew S. Erickson, and Justin D. Mikolay. Because the porosity of the surface soil results in virtually zero runoff, lenses are easily polluted by fecal waste, burials, and chemical spills. Nothing is known of pre-European contact history of Diego Garcia. Significant saltwater wetlands called barachois exist in the southern half of the lagoon. [120] Other than rats (Rattus rattus), all "wild" mammal species are feral descendants of domesticated species. [109], Also, areas of remnant tropical hardwood forest are at the sites of the plantation-era villages, as well as Casuarina equisetifolia (iron wood pines) woodlands. Those who left the island—either for vacation or medical purposes—were not allowed to return, and those who stayed could obtain only restricted food and medical supplies. Diego Garcia became a colony of the UK after the Napoleonic Wars as part of the Treaty of Paris (1814), and from 1814 to 1965 it was administered from Mauritius. Both Middle Island and Anniversary Island are part of the Spur Reef complex. One 200-to-300 m (220-to-330 yd) stretch of shoreline was found to have been breached by the tsunami wave, representing about 10% of the eastern arm. [4] The Crown immediately leased back the properties to Chagos-Agalega but the company terminated the lease at the end of 1967. Scientific expeditions in 1996 and 2006 described the lagoon and surrounding waters of Diego Garcia, along with the rest of the Chagos Archipelago, as "exceptionally unpolluted" and "pristine". Randy, WW6RG will be active again from Diego Garcia, IOTA AF-006, Chagos Islands, starting 18 January 2021, … The 12 tree species are: Barringtonia asiatica (fish-poison tree), Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel), Cocos nucifera, Cordia subcordata, Guettarda speciosa, Intsia bijuga, Hernandia sonora, Morinda citrifolia, Neisosperma oppositifolium,[114] Pisonia grandis, Terminalia catappa, and Heliotropium foertherianum. [72] Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is one of the "high-value detainees" suspected to have been held in Diego Garcia. The base serves as a staging area for the buildup or resupply of military forces prior to an operation. In: D. R. Stoddart (1971): "Terrestrial fauna of Diego Garcia and other Chagos atolls". [75], Manfred Nowak, one of five of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture, said that credible evidence exists supporting allegations that ships serving as black sites have used Diego Garcia as a base. Beginning in 1973, civilian ships were contracted to provide these services. JavaScript is required for full functionality on this website, but scripting is currently disabled. One of these is centred on the northwest point of the atoll; another is found near the Point Marianne Cemetery on the southeast end of the airfield. It is one of two critical US bomber bases in the Asia Pacific region, along with Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, Pacific Ocean. Diego Garcia, an atoll of the Chagos Archipelago in the British Indian Ocean Territory, is located 7 degrees south of the equator. The base, named for the largest island in the Chagos Archipelago in the remote waters of the Indian Ocean, sits on land claimed by the British and leased to the U.S. government for the sole purpose of operating a military base. [11] In May 2019, the United Nations General Assembly affirmed the decision of the International Court of Justice and demanded that the United Kingdom withdraw its colonial administration from the Islands and cooperate with Mauritius to facilitate the resettlement of Mauritian nationals in the archipelago. [156] The ship delivered "more than 200,000 tons of cargo to the island each year. The official insisted that the establishment of a marine park—the world's largest—would in no way impinge on USG use of the BIOT, including Diego Garcia, for military purposes. There are two transnational political issues which affect Diego Garcia and the BIOT, through the British government. Its argument is that it was forced to hand over Diego Garcia and other Chagos islands to the British six decades ago as the price of its independence. Erickson, Andrew S., Walter C. Ladwig III and Justin D. Mikolay, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 00:35. Diego Garcia is often referred to as "Fantasy Island" for its seclusion. Because of the protections provided the species on this atoll, and the isolation of the east rim of the atoll, the species is recorded in greater densities there than anywhere else in its range (339 crabs/ha). In addition, overwash by tsunamis and tropical storms has corrupted lenses in the Maldives and several Pacific islands. [60] Rather, the administration is represented in the territory by the officer commanding British Forces on Diego Garcia, the "Brit rep". Occupying an area of 17 square miles (44 square km), it consists of a V-shaped sand-fringed cay about 15 miles (24 km) in length with a maximum width of about 7 miles (11 km); its lagoon is open at the north end.

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